Diagnosing Migraine


With over 39 million people living with migraine and other severe headache disorders in the U.S., primary care providers are often the first point of contact for patients. Our experts outline the burden and epidemiology of headache disorders. You will also learn how to diagnose migraine as well as identify common migraine variants and other headache disorders.

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Headache 101 with Dr. Andrew Hershey

There are a number of aspects that Andrew Hershey, MD, PhD, FAHS, counsels his patients on when they see him for headache treatment. In this video, he discusses the basics of headache diagnostics and treatment, and how to explain them to patients.

Migraine Symptoms on Non-headache Days

Patients with migraine often experience headache-like symptoms during the period between headache episodes, known as the interictal state. Juliana VanderPluym, MD, FAHS, shares how interictal state symptoms fit into the larger picture of life with migraine for some patients, and what we know about treatment options.

News & Articles

Red Flags in Headache—What if it isn’t Migraine?

What primary care providers should look for if they suspect a patient’s headaches are notRead More

Research Summary: Quality Improvement in Neurology - Headache Quality Measurement Set

Headache®: The Journal of Head and Face Pain recently published Quality Improvement in Neurology: HeadacheRead More

Infant Colic and Maternal Migraine Linked in New Study

A study published in Headache® shows that moms with migraine are more likely to haveRead More

Headache 101 with Dr. Andrew Hershey

Andrew Hershey, MD, PhD, FAHS, walks through the characteristics of headache and how to classifyRead More

From the Journal: The Prevalence of Migraine and Severe Headache

Research from Headache characterizes the prevalence of this debilitating disease Migraine and severe headache areRead More


Asking the Right Questions to Diagnose Migraine

Dr. Brian Plato explains how providers can diagnose migraine through a systematic set of questions to feel confident in their diagnosis. 

Headache Management over Telemedicine

Dr. Robblee shares tips for preparing a patient for a virtual visit, conducting a neurological exam over video, keeping patients out of the emergency room and more.

Surprising Truths About Migraine and Epidemiology

Providers should be comfortable with recognizing and diagnosing migraine. Dr. Christopher Gottschalk explains epidemiology and the value of migraine diagnosis and treatment in the primary care setting.

Patient Resources

What Is Migraine?

What is migraine? Learn about the symptoms, causes and treatments of this disabling neurological condition affecting more than 39 million Americans.Read More

How to Explain Migraine

We asked our Move Against Migraine community to share exercises and analogies they find useful when they try to explain migraine to others.Read More

Modeling Migraine Conversations

Here are some tips to navigate migraine conversations to help you prepare to be your own best advocate at work, school or home.Read More

Impact of Migraine: Explaining Your Migraine to Your Children

Explaining migraine to your child is important to help them understand what their parent is going through. Here's a guide to get you started.Read More

Why Do I Have Migraine?

Dr. Andrew Hershey outlines migraine’s contributing factors and what you can do to prevent a migraine attack.Read More

Common Types of Migraine and Related Symptoms

Find out about the common types of migraine and their related symptoms from Dr. Nada Ahmad Hindiyeh in this Facebook Live recap.Read More

Over-the-Counter Medications vs. Prescription Medications

Find out whether over-the-counter medications or prescription medications are better for treating your migraine symptoms.Read More

How Gepants and Ditans Complement Existing Therapies

Gepants and ditans are the latest treatments for migraine. Read more on how these treatments complement and differ from existing therapies.Read More

What to Do When Migraine Treatment Fails?

While it can be extremely frustrating to try one treatment after the next, there is hope for those living with migraine to find relief.Read More

The Facts About Migraine

Find out more on the facts about migraine with this handy guide on the disease provided by the American Migraine Foundation.Read More

Migraine Without Aura

About 70-75% of patients with migraine do not experience aura. Learn more about the diagnosis, treatment and phases of migraine without aura.Read More

What It's Like Getting Diagnosed with Migraine

Diagnosis can be a lonely process. Hear how Stacy found support.Read More

Frequently Asked Questions About Migraine Symptoms

Have questions about migraine symptoms? We have answers. Learn more about the different signs of a migraine attack, when to seek help, and more.Read More

How Long Does a Migraine Attack Last?

When a migraine attack starts, you might wonder how long it will last and how to treat your symptoms. Learn about the timing involved and when to take action.Read More

The Timeline of a Migraine Attack

The best way to treat migraine is to understand the timeline of an attack and how each phase has its own distinct symptoms. Learn more about early treatment.Read More

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The First Contact – Headache in Primary Care program is always being updated as new information and resources become available. Please let us know what other resources you would find helpful.

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